Opinion: The Case Against Chevron Highlighted at WFYS
Sunday, January 12, 20140 Comments
Photos by Mathieu Breton www.QuebecphotoMB.com
Last December around 70 progressive youth from across Canada participated in the 18 World Festival of Youth and Students in Quito, Ecuador. At the festival, delegates had the opportunity to share information about their struggles as young workers and students from around the world.
With Ecuador hosting the Festival the topic of the country’s Citizen’s Revolution was a main theme. Participants heard about movements in Ecuador fighting against imperialism and for social transformation, and one movement highlighted was the country’s battle against the oil giant, Chevron.
The festival had panel discussions about the importance of nationalization of energy and oil resources. Countries that use revenue of these resources to combat poverty and for the development of infrastructure, health-care, and education are much better off than countries that allow profits to go to shareholders of large corporations.
Texaco (now Chevron) was drilling in the Ecuadorian rainforest without the consent of indigenous communities from 1964 to 1990. Throughout Texaco’s stay, the company dumped more than 18 billion gallons of toxic wastewater, spilled roughly 17 million gallons of crude oil, and left hazardous waste in 916 open pits. Texaco chose to use environmental practices that were illegal in the United States and Ecuador to increase profits. Chevron saved 3 dollars per barrel of oil produced as a result of its substandard environmental practices in Ecuador.
The result has been the devastation of indigenous and campesino communities that live in the Oriente region of the Amazon Rainforest. Contamination has reduced fish and game stocks and harmed the way of life of indigenous peoples including the Cofán, Siona, Secoya, Kichwa and Huaoran people. Studies have found that there have been at least 1401 excess cancer deaths in the region because of contamination. Communities have experienced an excess rate of birth defects and miscarriages as well.
However, the 30 000 people of the region have not given up. They have organized to have their voices heard and seek justice against the actions of Chevron. In 1993 community members filed a class action lawsuit against Texaco in New York. The case got moved to Ecuador due to lobbying from Texaco, and 17 years later the Ecuadorian court found Chevron liable for soil and water pollution in Oriente. However, Chevron has said it will not pay the 9.5 billion dollars ordered by Ecuadorian courts because it no longer has assets in the country.
In a case now in New York, the oil giant claims that plaintiffs have been trying to extort money from Chevron with the help of corrupt Ecuadorian courts. Chevron is working hard to not fix its mess, including using substandard practices when testing pollution in the Oriente, blaming pollution on Petro-Ecuador, and claiming that the company’s remediation from 1995 to 1998 was adequate when the cleanup ignored many contaminated sites and served to hide contaminated areas.
With Chevron refusing to pay the court judgment villagers have filed collection actions in Canada, Brazil, and Argentina to seize Chevron’s assets in order to generate funds to clean up their lands. Recently an Ontario court has ruled that indigenous communities have the right to attempt to seize Chevron’s assets in Canada to gain funds. A later court will decide if the plaintiffs can seize assets or not.
At the World Festival of Youth and Students around 5 delegates from each country biked for justice against Chevron from the festival grounds to an anti-imperialist court. At the anti-imperialist court representatives of delegations got to list the imperialist crimes of their country. The representative from Ecuador spoke out against Chevron’s imperialist crimes.
At one point in the festival, workers from the Ecuadorian Government interviewed participants in the festival about the Chevron case. They were particularly interested in the views of the Pan-Canadian delegation making sure to stop by the Pan-Canadian delegation’s booth. We made sure to speak out in solidarity with Ecuador.
Canadian must respect the judiciary of Ecuador and allow Oriente communities to seize the assets of Chevron. Environmental activists, progressive students, and workers are encouraged to show support for Ecuador outside Canadian courts that will be deciding whether assets can be seized or not.